Iceland owes its existence to the forces of Vulcan, but geologists invoke plate tectonics, magma plumes and volcanic hotspots. Whomever you believe, you’ll find the clues here. With the possible exception of Hawaii, you are unlikely to find such diverse volcanic features anywhere else on dry land.
Most notable of Iceland’s volcanoes is Mt. Hekla, which erupts on an average of every 5-10 years, and in medieval times was considered the gateway to hell. The saying, “To heck with it.” is derived from this mountain. On Iceland’s west coast, glacier-topped Snæfellsjökull, is the beautiful cone, which Jules Verne made the entrance to the underworld in “Journey to the Center of the Earth”.
Other volcanoes are also hidden under glaciers, but they, too can erupt, and cause impressive flooding or even melt through hundreds of tons of thick, glacial ice. Geologists call this by the Icelandic term “jökulhlaup”.
All manner of igneous rocks and minerals are found in Iceland—be it strato-volcanoes, polygonal columns or the rarest of welded tuff clouds—it’s all here, and you don’t need a submarine to get there!
We at f-stop can’t promise any waking volcanoes, but we CAN show you several napping!